Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business Research Orientation

For presentation September 14, 2010, to staff members of the Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business, by Irene Berkey, Foreign and International Law Librarian.

For questions about this guide, contact Library Reference, Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Librarian (e-mail | (312) 503-8451) .

Citation and Abbreviations Guides

  • Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations - Abbreviations for "English language legal publications, from the British Isles, the Commonwealth and the United States, including those covering international and comparative law. A wide selection of major foreign language law publications is also included."
  •  Identifying Abbreviations and Acronyms: International and Foreign This page of the law library’s web site lists additional resources for identifying abbreviations.
  • The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (19th ed., 2010). See Rule 20 “Foreign Materialsâ€� and Rule 21 “International Materials,â€� as well as Table 2 “Foreign Jurisdictions,â€� Table 3 “Intergovernmental Organizations,â€� Table 4 “Treaty Sources,â€� and Table 5 “Arbitral Reporters.â€�
    R,REF KF 246 .B55 (ON RESERVE)
  • Guide to Foreign and International Legal Citation. Journal of International Law and Politics, New York University, 2006.
    I,REF K 89 .G85 2006
  • "The Inter-American Citator: A Guide to Uniform Citation of Inter-American Sources for Writers and Practitioners." Compiled by the editors of the University of Miami Inter-American Law Review under the direction of Kristen Broyles, 37 University of Miami Inter-American Law Review 339 (2005-2006). Available in HeinOnline
    I,PER K 25 .N6785

Identifying Official Hard Copy Sources for Treaties:

Electronic Full-Text Sources for Treaties and Other Documents:

  • EISIL: Electronic Information System for International Law American Society of International Law.  Authenticated full-text of primary and other materials that are available from free Internet resources. Note that EISIL does not link to the United Nations Treaty Collection. However, EISIL can sometimes be used to obtain a citation to U.N.T.S. (United Nations Treaty Series): click on the "more information" link for a document; the "legal citation" provides the U.N.T.S. citation (as well as citations to other official print sources) when available. Then use the citation to find the treaty in hard copy or in HeinOnline (below).
  • HeinOnline
    • Full-text PDF backfiles of law journals. Section for "International and Non-U.S. Law Journals" includes International Legal Materials (I.L.M.)
    • "Treaties and Agreements Library," which includes the following sources for U.S. treaties: United States Treaties and Other International Agreements (U.S.T.); Treaties and International Acts Series (T.I.A.S.); KAV agreements; International Legal Materials (I.L.M.). Note: of these titles, the library has the following in hard copy: U.S.T. (Int 83 1952-), T.I.A.S. ( Int 83 1952a-), and I.L.M. (I,REF JX 68 .I5). It has KAV agreements in microfiche (M,MFC JX 231 .U54).
    • "Foreign and International Law Resources Database," which includes the following: international yearbooks and periodicals; U.S. law digests; international tribunals/judicial decisions; other significant works related to foreign and international law.
    • “United Nations Law Collectionâ€� Available from anywhere to all members of the Northwestern University community; includes United Nations Treaty Series (U.N.T.S.) in PDF, searchable by U.N.T.S. citation. Also includes official International Court of Justice reports in PDF.

United Nations Treaty Series

  • United Nations Treaty Series (U.N.T.S.) in hard copy
    Int 82 U58 (4th floor)
  • HeinOnline. United Nations Law Collection includes United Nations Treaty Series (U.N.T.S.) in PDF, searchable by U.N.T.S. citation.
  • United Nations Treaty Collection provides texts of treaties registered with the United Nations, as well as treaty ratification status and the texts of reservations and declarations. Under "Status of Treaties," which links to "Status of Multilateral Treaties deposited with the Secretary-General," see relevant chapter, such as Chapter X “International Trade and Development.â€�  Citation to United Nations Treaty Series (U.N.T.S) is provided. To access full text PDF text of a treaty from U.N.T.S., click on "full text/details" icon, then scroll down to "Text document(s)" for link(s) to PDF. Note: this source does not provide searching by U.N.T.S. citation.

United Nations Documents

  • Bluebook 19th ed. (Rule 21.7) "United Nations Sources"
  • UNBISnet  An index to United Nations documents, which links to texts in the Official Document System (ODS), below.  For resolutions, search (browse) by symbol; "search results" list often includes session, supplement number, and document symbol of the supplement (required by Bluebook if using "official record" source for resolutions) and it will often retrieve the resolution as found in the official records supplement.
  • United Nations Official Document System (ODS) - Documents 1992- in PDF.
    A "simple search" for a resolution will search only the UN documentation database, which contains the preliminary version only of resolutions.
    For final version of resolutions, must do "advanced search." However, this will retrieve PDF of official records supplement, but will not include citation. For complete citation information to official records supplement, must use UNBISnet (see above).
  • UN Documents page - Access to resolutions from first page is a convenience. If using Bluebook "UN website" option--note that this page has preliminary version only.
  • General Assembly Official Records (GAOR) (1946-1990) in hard copy - Int 783 O32
    Security Council Official Records (SCOR) (1946-1985) in hard copy - Int 784 O32
    U. N. Documents 1986-1997 in microfiche; contact Foreign & International Law Librarian

European Union

  • EurLex has Official Journal and other materials in PDF.

Current Awareness Sources:

[Note: for information on setting up Lexis and Westlaw alerts and RSS feeds, please see the Research Alerts page of the law library's web site.]

Research Guides:

  • International Trade, Business, and Economic Law page of law library’s web site devotes its first section to research guides. Most of these guides are from the sources listed below, ASIL and GlobaLex, which should also be consulted directly for additional topics. 
  • ASIL Electronic Resource Guide American Society of International Law. Among the topics covered are: International Commercial Arbitration, European Union, International Economic Law, International Intellectual Property Law, International Organizations, Private International Law, Treaties, and United Nations.
  • GlobaLex New York University Law School. An excellent source for research guides, in three categories: International Law Research, Comparative Law Research, and Foreign Law Research. See, in particular, section for International Law Research.
  • Getting Started on International Law Research

Look for secondary sources (books and articles):

Books and other materials

  • NUcat (Northwestern University Libraries catalog) Do a guided search to find a relevant book; then click on “Library of Congress Subject Headings to find other relevant books. Searching in keyword anywhere is broadest search, and may lead to a relevant book chapter.
  • WorldCat contains records from thousands of libraries.  Search WorldCat to find materials not owned by Northwestern.

Journal articles

See the following pages of the law library's website.

For questions or comments, please consult the Foreign and International Law Librarian.

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