International Team Project: Botswana - Namibia Research Checklist
This is a selective list of resources prepared for students participating in International Team Project: Botswana-Namibia at Northwestern Law in the Spring 2004 semester. By way of background, the law library has very few books specifically dealing with Botswana and Namibia although it subscribes to a number of electronic resources that provide up to date and valuable country information. You are encouraged explore the Africana collection of the Northwestern University Library in Evanston, one of the best collections of African materials in the United States (Reference Department telephone number: 847-467-3084).
Also use the Conduct Research portion of the law library web site. In particular, see the Foreign and Comparative and International sections.
Key to call number locations (applicable to both countries):
I,REF = international reference area, 3rd floor of Rubloff
R,REF = reference room, 2nd floor of Rubloff
REF = shelving area under grand staircase, 2nd floor of Rubloff
D,USG = government documents shelving area, 3rd floor of Rubloff
I,MON = international and comparative law books, 3rd floor of Rubloff
AFRICANA = Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies, in the Northwestern University Library (Evanston)
Country specific call numbers in the law library:
Africa Bots = the old call number for Botswana, located on the basement level of the Coon Library (limited materials). Closed stacks, see librarian for assistance.
N,IBO = the new location symbol for Botswana, 3rd floor of Rubloff (limited materials).
Africa Nam = the old call number for Namibia (after independence in 1990), located on the basement level of the Coon Library (limited materials). Closed stacks, see librarian for assistance.
Africa SA/SouthW = the old call number for Namibia (before independence in 1990), located on the basement level of the Coon Library (limited materials). Closed stacks, see librarian for assistance.
N,INA = the new location symbol for Namibia, 3rd floor of Rubloff (limited materials).
General Country Information
- Europa World Year Book I,REF JN 1 .E84 2004
Information on Botswana and Namibia is contained in the online version of this resource .
- Political Handbook of the World I,REF JF 37 .P63 2005/2006
- World Factbook I,REF G 122 .U56a 2004
2004 edition also available via the Internet (see Botswana and Namibia).
- Encyclopaedia Britannica R,REF AE 5 .E363 2002
Information on Botswana and Namibia also available through Encyclopaedia Britannica Online .
- The Economist Intelligence Unit provides country specific reports on Botswana and Namibia .
- The U.S. Dept. of State provides background notes on both Botswana (last updated November 2004) and Namibia (last updated November 2004)
Area Studies Resources
Governmental web sites
Laws and Legal Systems
- Works covering both countries
Finding Books on Botswana and Namibia
- Szladits' Bibliography on Foreign and Comparative Law: Books and Articles in EnglishThrough the supplement for 1989-90 it provided references to books, journal articles, and essays published in collections, in English. It included a section citing to the texts of laws (including constitutions) in translation, published in both books and articles. This index now covers only books, not periodical articles. Statutes are now usually excluded.
I,REF K 38 .S94 1955 and supplements
I,REF K 38 .S94 1990
I,REF K 38 .S94 1995/1996
I,REF K 38 .S94 1997/1998
- To find books at Northwestern University:NUcat, the catalog of Northwestern University libraries, provides various ways to find books on a topic. These include searching by keyword (for which there are several methods) and searching by subject (using Library of Congress subject headings).
(Note: NUcat can be used to find out whether the library owns a particular periodical, but it is not used for finding articles within periodicals; for this, you use a periodical index, described in the following section.)"Guided Search" tab: It is sometimes easiest to start with a "guided" search, using words or phrases that are likely to appear in the record for a relevant book. From the NUcat screen, click on the "Guided Search" tab. Guided searches allow you to search for words or phrases in specific parts of the bibliographic record (e.g., author, title, subject) or as keywords; to use connectors (e.g., and, or); and to limit your search (e.g., by location, date, language). The search screen is set up in such a way as to guide you through the search formulation process and minimize the amount of typing. Searching in "keyword anywhere" is usually the best. For example, to search on human rights in Botswana, you might try:
Search for: botswana, select "all of these," search in "keyword anywhere"
"Search" tab: Keyword searching is also available under the "Search" tab by clicking on "keyword search" or "keyword phrase search." You must formulate and type in the search, both terms and connector, yourself. An example of a "Keyword" searches is:
Search for: human rights, "select "as a phrase," search in "keyword anywhere"
Botswana and (law? or legal)
Once you have found a relevant book, you can look at the record in "long view" to find the Library of Congress subject headings for the book. You can then do a subject search by clicking on the link. This will sometimes retrieve additional relevant books that were not found by the keyword search. You may also do a subject heading search from the "Search" tab by choosing "Subject Heading." An example of a Library of Congress subject heading is:
Note: Materials on the law of a particular country on a particular subject might be found either in books devoted to the jurisdiction or in materials devoted to the subject. An example of a work classified (i.e., shelved) by jurisdiction is:
Doing Business in Botswana N,IBO KQK 7.3 .B87D65
Examples of books and looseleaf services, etc., on a specific subject, which include discussion of more than one jurisdiction:
Constitutions of the Countries of the World I,MON K 3157 .A2B58 1971-Copyright Laws and Treaties of the World I,MON K 1419.2 1956-Digest of Commercial Laws of the World I,MON K 1005.4 .D54 1996-International Encyclopaedia for Labour Law and Industrial Relations I,MON K1705.4 .I58
- To find books at other libraries:WorldCat This international database contains records from thousands of libraries. I-Share: this database contains records for many Illinois libraries.
The library catalogs of many other institutions may be accessed via our law library catalogs and homepages page.
Finding Articles: Legal Topics
- LegalTrac Current Law Index R,REF K 33 .C87LexisNexis : Legal Resource Index (LAWREV;LGLIND) Westlaw: Legal Resource Index (LRI) The most comprehensive periodical index for U.S. legal research, this index, which began in 1980, can also be used to find articles on international and comparative law topics. It covers more than 850 journals from the United States, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, and Australia.
- Current Index to Legal Periodicals Current Index to Legal Periodicals R,REF K33 .C865 Westlaw : CILP database (most recent eight issues)
A current awareness service, published weekly by the University of Washington law library. More up-to-date than LegalTrac.
- Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals I,REF K 33 .I529
This index, which began in 1960, covers more than 550 selected legal periodicals, most of which are published outside of the United States, as well as collections of essays, dealing with international law (both public and private), comparative law, and the domestic law of countries worldwide. It does not attempt to cover the legal systems of the United States, the British Isles, and the British Commonwealth. The web version covers 1985 onward.
Finding Articles, Papers, Proceedings, etc.: Non-Legal Topics
Note: The following is a selective list of useful finding aids. For a complete list of finding aids available at Northwestern, see the Northwestern University Library's Electronic Resources database.
- PAIS International (1972 - present) and PAIS International Archive (1937-1976) PAIS International in Print REF Z 7163 .P9223
Published by Public Affairs Information Service. Indexes and abstracts public and social policy literature published in over 120 countries. Includes such areas as economics, finance, law, education, the military, political science, public administration, international law and relations, the environment, and demography. The materials indexed include journal articles, books, reports of governmental, private, and intergovernmental organizations, statistical directories, research reports, conference reports, selected microfiche, and selected Internet resources originally published in English, German, Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese.
- CIAO: Columbia International Affairs Online Citations, abstracts, and selected full-text articles covering topics in international affairs, collected largely from university- and foundation-funded research institutes, non-governmental organizations, and academic conferences. Includes working papers, conference proceedings, journal and book abstracts, and links to related resources.
- OxResearch Short articles by Oxford Analytica in the areas of business and management, economics, and political science.
- EXAC (Expanded Academic ASAP) An online index to articles in more than 1,000 periodicals covering the social sciences, the humanities, the sciences, and current affairs.
- Web of Knowledge Web of Knowledge contains five individual databases, which may be searched separately or simultaneously: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Book Citation Index-Science, and Book Citation Index-Social Sciences and Humanities. Social Sciences Citation Index covers anthropology, history, industrial relations, law, linguistics, psychology, psychiatry, political science, public health, social issues, sociology, substance abuse, urban studies, women's studies.
- FirstSearch Includes a number of databases that index articles, papers, and proceedings in a variety of subject areas. A few of the individual databases are listed below:
- ArticleFirst Index of articles from 12,500 journals in business, the humanities, social sciences, popular culture, science, technology, and medicine, from 1990 onwards. Some entries have abstracts; some have full-text.
- ProceedingsFirst Index of conference proceedings.
Dissertations Abstracts database. "Citations and abstracts for doctoral dissertations, and some master's theses, from accredited North American colleges and universities and some international universities." Available from the following:
- ProQuest Dissertations and Theses: Full Text Entries for more than 2 million doctoral dissertations and master's theses. Dissertations published from 1980 forward include 350-word abstracts written by the author. Master's theses published from 1988 forward include 150-word abstracts. More than 600,000 dissertations and theses are available in native or image PDF formats for immediate free download.
- Dissertations Abstracts Online Westlaw (DAO)
News: General, Legal, and Business
International Business Resources
- See our web site's International Trade, Business, and Economic Law page.
- ABI/INFORM Business and management index. Citations and abstracts of articles from more than 1,300 journals, including over 350 English-language international sources. Full-text articles from over 600 selected sources.Westlaw : ABI-INFORM (ABI/Inform (R) (DIALOG)) and ABI-INFORM Current (ABI/Inform (R) - Current (DIALOG))
- Business Source Premier "[P]rovides nearly 3,300 full text scholarly publications, including more than 1,000 peer-reviewed journals. In addition to the full text, this database provides indexing and abstracts for more than 4,100 journals. This database offers information in nearly every area of business including management, economics, finance, accounting, international business, and more."
- GlobalEDGE (TM) Resource Desk. Michigan State University.
Regional and International Organizations
Note: Botswana and Namibia may not be members of all the organizations listed below. However, these web sites can often be good sources of information about Botswana and Namibia.
- African Regional Organizations
- International Organizations
Government Publications and Information
Additional Resources for Special Topics
- Art and Culture
- Web of Knowledge Select "Arts and Humanities Citation Index"
- Humanities Abstracts "Bibliographic citations from more than 450 periodicals in topics such as archaeology, art, classics, film, folklore, journalism, linguistics, music, the performing arts, philosophy, religion, world history, and world literature. Records added since 1994 have abstracts, and many citations have links to the full-text of the article."
- eHRAF Collection of Ethnography Human Area Relations Files. Yale University. Cross-cultural database on all aspects of cultural and social life, organized by culture and ethnic group.
- Children/Juvenile Justice
- At a Glance:Botswana and Namibia. From UNICEF. Provides background information on the social conditions experienced by children.
- Child Justice Project. From the Legal Assistance Centre, Namibia.
- ERIC Annotated references to over 2,000 titles "issued in the monthly Resources in Education (RIE) and to journal articles issued in the monthly Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE)." Dates of coverage: 1966 to present.
- Environment/Land Use/Natural Resources
- Human Rights
- Country Report on Human Rights Practices - 2006.Botswana and Namibia (last updated Mar. 6, 2007). U.S. Dept. of State
In print: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices D,USG Y4.F76/1-15:
- Amnesty International Annual Report 2004:Namibia (no report available for Botswana)
- Human Rights Watch: BotswanaHuman Rights Watch: Namibia
- African Human Rights Resource Center. University of Minnesota Human Rights Library.
- United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- U.N. Human Rights Documentation, A Guide to Country-Specific Research, 1996, by Penny L. Parker. Minnesota Human Rights Library.
- Women's Human Rights Resources. Bora Laskin Law Library, University of Toronto.
- Human Rights portion of Pritzker Legal Research Center web site
- Saha, Santosh. Dictionary of Human Rights Advocacy Organizations in Africa (1999)
I,REF JC 599 .A36S24 1999
- African Directory: Human Rights Organizations (Human Rights Internet Reporter, vol. 16, no. 1)
I,REF JC 599 .A35A372 1996