Working Papers

2015

2015-059 Merging Innovation into Antitrust Agency Enforcement of the Clayton Act (with Hillary Greene)
Richard J. Gilbert, Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley

2015-058 Patent Privateering, Litigation, and R&D Incentives (with Emil Temnyalov)
Jorge Lemus, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Department of Economics

2015-057 Mergers Facilitate Tacit Collusion: Empirical Evidence from the U.S. Brewing Industry (with Matthew Weinberg)
Nathan Miller, Georgetown University, McDonough School of Business

2015-056 Anti-Competitive Effects of Common Ownership (with Jose Azar and Isabel Tecu)
Martin Schmalz, University of Michigan, Ross School of Business

2015-055 Insulated Platform Competition
E. Glen Weyl, Microsoft Research, New England

2015-054 Strategic Incentives When Supplying to Rivals (with Serge X. Moresi)
Marius Schwartz, Department of Economics, Georgetown University

2015-053 Multiproduct-Firm Oligopoly:  An Aggregative Games Approach
Volker Nocke, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics

2015-052 How Inefficient are Markets for Technology?
Manuel Hermosilla, Johns Hopkins University, Carey Business School
Yufei Wu, MIT, Economics Department

2015-051 The Strategic Value of Trademarks
Alan C. Marco, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Amanda F. Myers, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

2015-050 Pharmaceutical Profits and the Social Value of Innovation
David Dranove, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Craig Garthwaite, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Manuel Hermosilla, Johns Hopkins University, Carey Business School

2015-049 The Effect of Patent Pools on Patenting and Innovation; Evidence from Contemporary Technology Standards
Justus Baron, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth at Northwestern University School of Law
Tim Pohlmann, Mines ParisTech and Technische Universität Berlin

2015-048 Standards, IPR, and Inventive Activity: Evidence from the IETF

Wen Wen, McCombs School of Business, The University of Texas at Austin
Chris Forman, Scheller College of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology
Sirkka Jarvenpaa, McCombs School of Business, The University of Texas at Austin

2015-047 The Impact of R&D Cooperations on Drug Variety Offered on the Market: Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry
Tannista Banerjee, Auburn University, Department of Economics,
Ralph B. Siebert, Purdue University, Department of Economics, Krannert School of Management

2015-046 Strategic Collaboration in Dynamic R&D Competitions
Andrea Blasco, Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University

2015-045 Patent Litigation and USPTO Trials: Implications for Patent Examination Quality
Alan C. Marco, Chief Economist, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Richard D. Miller, Economist, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

2015-044 Is the Time Allocated to Review Patent Applications Inducing Examiners to Grant Invalid: Evidence from Micro-Level Application Data
Michael Frakes, Northwestern University School of Law
Melissa Wasserman, University of Illinois College of Law

2015-043 Ex ante Information Provision and Innovation: Natural Experiment of Herbal Patent Prior Art Adoption at the USPTO and EPO
Prithwiraj (Raj) Choudhury, Harvard Business School
Tarun Khanna, Harvard Business School

2015-042 The Economics of Patent Backlog
Alexandra K. Zaby, University of Tuebingen, School of Business and Economics
Gaetan de Rassenfosse, Ecole polytechnique f´ed´erale de Lausanne, College of Management

2015-041 Creditor Rights and Innovation: Evidence from Patent Collateral
William Mann, Anderson School of Management, UCLA

2015-040 Independent Boards and Innovation
Benjamin Balsmeier, University of Paderborn, Dept. of Management, and University of Münster, Institute for Organisational Economics
Lee Fleming, Fung Institute for Engineering Leadership, University of California, Berkeley
Gustavo Manso, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley

2015-039 Corporate Income Taxes, Financial Constraints and Innovation
Julian Atanassov, Department of Finance, Lundquist College of Business, University of Oregon
Xiaoding Liu, Department of Finance, Lundquist College of Business, University of Oregon

2015-038 Venture Capital Influence on Innovation: A Fund-Level Perspective
Supradeep Dutta, SUNY Buffalo - School of Management

2015-037 New Ideas in Invention
Mikko Packalen, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics
Jay Bhattacharya, Stanford University

2015-036 Individual versus Institutional Ownership of University-Discovered Inventions
Dirk Czarnitzki, KU Leuven, Dept. of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation and Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)
Thorsten Doherr, Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) and University of Luxembourg
Katrin Hussinger, University of Luxembourg, Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), and KU Leuven, Dept. of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation
Paula Schliessler, KU Leuven, Dept. of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation and Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)
Andrew A. Toole, Economic Research Service, US Dept. of Agriculture and Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW),

2015-035 The Value of Entrepreneurial Failures: Task Allocation and Career Concerns           
Andrea Canidio, Department of Economics, Central European University
Patrick LeGros, Université libre de Bruxelles (ECARES)

2015-034 Effects of Patent Rights On Industry Structure and R&D 
Tolga Caskurlu, University of Amsterdam Business School

2015-033 Patents and the Success of Venture-Capital Backed Startups: Using Examiner Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects
Patrick Gaulé, CERGE-EI

2015-032 Strategic Secrecy of Pending Patents
Bernhard Ganglmair, The University of Texas at Dallas, Naveen Jindal School of Management
Jong-Min Oh, The University of Texas at Dallas, Naveen Jindal School of Management

2015-031 Intellectual Property Protection and Financial Markets: Patenting vs. Secrecy
Nishant Dass, Scheller College of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology
Vikram Nanda, Rutgers Business School,
Steven Chong Xiao, Rutgers Business School

2015-030 Money and Privacy - Android Market Evidence
Michael Kummer, Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)
Patrick Schulte, Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)

2015-029 What is a Cookie Worth?
Arslan Aziz, Carnegie Mellon University
Rahul Telang, Carnegie Mellon University

2015-028 Privacy in Online Markets: A Welfare Analysis Using Demand Rotations
Daniel P. O’Brien, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University
Doug Smith, U.S. Federal Trade Commission

2015-027 Match Quality, Search, and the Internet Market for Used Books
Sara Fisher Ellison, MIT Department of Economics

2015-026 E-Book Pricing and Vertical Restraints
Barbur De los Santos, Indiana University, Kelly School of Business
Matthijs R. Wildenbeest, Indiana University, Kelly School of Business

2015-025 Consumer Experience and the Value of Search in the Online Textbook Market
Forrest Spence, Notre Dame

2015-024 On the Antitrust Economics of the Electronic Books Industry
Germain Gaudin, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics, Heinrich Heine University, Germany
Alexander White, Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management, China

2015-023 Multi-Sided Platforms
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard Business School
Julian Wright, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore

2015-022 Game of Platforms: Strategic Expansion into Rival (Online) Territory
Sagit Bar-Gill, MIT Sloan School of Management

2015-021 Platform Pricing in Mixed Two-Sided Markets
Ming Gao, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, China

2015-020 Price Competition in Two-Sided Markets with Heterogeneous Consumers and Network Effects
Lapo Filistrucchi, CentER, TILEC, Tilburg University and Department of Economics
Tobias Klein, CentER, TILEC, Tilburg University

2015-019 The Power of a Ranking: Quantifying the Effects of Rankings on Online Consumer Search and Choice
Raluca M. Ursu, University of Chicago

2015-018 Advertiser Prominence Effects in Search Advertising
Przemyslaw Jeziorski, University of California, Berkeley
Sridhar Moorthy, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto

2015-017 Profiting from Targeted Advertising: Exploring Synergies among Media Channels
Dan Breznitz, University of Toronto
Vincenzo Palermo, University of Toronto

2015-016 Price Salience and Product Choice
Tom Blake, eBay Research Labs     
Dominic Coey, eBay Research Labs
Kane Sweeney, eBay Research Labs
Steve Tadelis, eBay Research Labs

2015-015 Net Neutrality, Network Capacity, and Innovation at the Edges
Jay Pil Choi, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, and Department of Economics; Michigan State University
Doh-Shin Jeon, Toulouse School of Economics and CEPR, Manufacture de Tabacs
Byung-Cheol Kim, Georgia Institute of Technology

2015-014 A Theory of Bidding Dynamics and Deadlines in Online Retail
Dominic Coey, eBay Research Labs
Bradley Larsen, Stanford University, Department of Economics
Brennan C. Platt, Brigham Young University

2015-013 Competing with Complementors: An Empirical Look at Amazon.com
Feng Zhu, Harvard University
Qihong Liu, University of Oklahoma

2015-012 Nonlinear Pricing with Local Network Effects
Arne Rogde Gramstad, University of Oslo

2015-011 Competition in the Cryptocurrency Market
Neil Gandal, Tel Aviv University and CEPR
Hanna Halaburda, Bank of Canada, CESifo and INE PAN

2015-010 Social Networks and the Demand for News
Lisa M. George, Department of Economics, Hunter College
Christian Peukert, Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich

2015-009 Can Social Networks Help Content Websites Predict Traffic and Engagement?
Catarina Sismeiro, Imperial College Business School, Imperial College, London
Ammara Mahmood, Cass University Business School, City University, London

2015-008 Business Dynamics of Innovating Firms: Linking U.S. Patent Data with Administrative Data on Workers and Businesses
Javier Miranda, Principal Economist, Business Dynamics Statistics Program, U.S. Census Bureau
Stuart J. Graham, Senior Advisor, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and Georgia Institute of Technology
Alan C. Marco, Chief Economist, United States Patent and Trademark Office
Cheryl Grim, Economist, U.S. Census Bureau
Tariqul Islam, Statistician, U.S. Census Bureau

2015-007 Unpacking 3GPP Standards
Justus Baron, Research Associate, Innovation Economics Project, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth, Northwestern University School of Law
Kirti Gupta, Director, Economic Strategy, Qualcomm Incorporated
Brandon Roberts, Qualcomm Incorporated

2015-006 Technology Standards and Standard Setting Organizations: Introduction to the Searle Center Database
Justus Baron, Research Associate, Innovation Economics Project, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth, Northwestern University School of Law
Daniel F. Spulber, Elinor Hobbs Distinguished Professor of International Business, Kellogg School of Management and Research Director, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth

2015-005 Mapping Standards to Patents using Databases of Declared Standard-Essential Patents and Systems of Technological Classification
Justus Baron, Research Associate, Innovation Economics Project, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth, Northwestern University School of Law
Tim Pohlmann, Research Fellow, Mines ParisTech and Technische Universität Berlin

2015-004 How Courts Decide Patent Definiteness and Disclosure
John R. Allison, Mary John and Ralph Spence Centennial Professor of Business Administration, University of Texas at Austin
Lisa Larrimore Ouellette, Assistant Professor of Law, Stanford Law School

2015-003 Mobility of Knowledge and Local Innovation Activity
Kyriakos Drivas, Department of Agricultural Economics & Rural Development, Agricultural University Of Athens
Claire Economidou, Department of Economics, University of Piraeus

2015-002 Monetizing Marks: Insights from the USPTO Trademark Assignment Dataset
Stuart J. Graham, Senior Advisor, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and Georgia Institute of Technology
Alan C. Marco, Chief Economist, United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
Amanda F. Myers, Economist, Office of Chief Economist, Office of Policy and International Affairs, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

2015-001 Cross-country analysis of ICT impact using firm-level data: Micro Moments Database and Research Infrastructure
Eric J. Bartelsman, Department of Economics, Vrije Universiteit
Eva Hagsten, Statistics Sweden
Michael Polder, Statistics Netherlands

2014

2014-048 Prices versus Prizes: Patents, Public Policy, and the Market for Inventions
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2014-047 Managing Invention and Innovation: From Delegated R&D to Implementation
Joaquín Poblete, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2014-046 Estimating the Sensitivity of RCE Filing Behavior to PTO Fees
Stuart Graham, Scheller College of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology
Alan Marco, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Richard Miller, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

2014-045 How Much Do Patent Applicants Care About Patent Term?  Cross-Industry Differences in Sensitivity
Neel U. Sukhatme, Princeton University
Judd N. L. Cramer, Princeton University

2014-044 Signaling and the Ownership of Academic Patents
Nicolas Carayol, GREThA, Université de Bordeaux - CNRS, and Observatoire des Sciences et Techniques, Paris
Valerio Sterzi, GREThA, Université de Bordeaux - CNRS

2014-043 Monetizing Marks: Insights from the USPTO Trademark Assignment Dataset
Stuart Graham, Scheller College of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology
Alan Marco, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Amanda F. Myers, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

2014-042 Venture Capital and Innovation around the World
Arsalan Safari, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Douglas Cumming, York University, Schulich School of Business
Brian Cozzarin, University of Waterloo

2014-041 Do Resources Flow to Patenting Firms? Cross-Country Evidence from Firm-Level Data
Dan Andrews, OECD Economics Department
Chiara Criscuolo, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Directorate
Carlo Menon, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Directorate

2014-040 The Globalization of R&D: China, India, and the Rise of International Co-invention
Lee Branstetter, Carnegie Mellon University
Guangwei Li, Carnegie Mellon University
Francisco Veloso, Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics and Carnegie Mellon University

2014-039 Estimating the Innovator’s Dilemma: Structural Analysis of Creative Destruction
Mitsuru Igami, Yale University, Department of Economics

2014-038 Animal Spirits in Entrepreneurial Innovation: Theory and Evidence
Angela Cipollone, Università di Roma Tor Vergata
Paolo E. Giordani, LUISS "Guido Carli" University

2014-037 Learning to Innovate in Recessions
Mario Daniele Amore, Bocconi University

2014-036 Markets for Technology and the Importance of Firm-Specific Search for Innovation Performance
Christoph Grimpe, Copenhagen Business School
Wolfgang Sofka, Copenhagen Business School

2014-035 The Trade Impact of ISO 9000 Certifications and International Cooperation in Accreditation
Knut Blind, Berlin Institute of Technology
Axel Mangelsdorf, Berlin Institute of Technology

2014-034 The Value of Disclosing IPR to Open Standard Setting Organizations
Katrin Hussinger, ZEW Centre for European Economic Research
Franz Schwiebacher, ZEW Centre for European Economic Research

2014-033 Technological Standardization, Endogenous Productivity and Transitory Dynamics
Justus Baron, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth, Northwestern University School of Law
Julia Schmidt, Banque de France

2014-032 Technology Standards and the Smart Phone Wars
Kirti Gupta, Qualcomm Inc.
Mark Snyder, Qualcomm Inc.

2014-031 Does University Licensing Facilitate or Restrict the Flow of Knowledge and Research Inputs among Scientists?
Neil C. Thompson, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
David C. Mowery, Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley
Arvids A. Ziedonis, Stanford Institute of Economic Policy Research, Stanford University

2014-030 Dynamic Protection of Innovations through Patents and Trade Secrets
Francis Bloch, Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique
Paul Belleflamme, Louvain School of Management

2014-029 The Coordination of Independently-Owned Vacuum Tube Patents in the Alleged Early Radio Patent ‘Thicket’
John Howells, Department of Business Administration, Aarhus University
Ron D. Katznelson, Bi-Level Technologies

2014-028 The Optimal Scope of the Royalty Base in Patent Licensing
Gerard Llobet, CEMFI and CEPR
Jorge Padilla, Compass Lexecon

2014-027 A Comparison of how Angels and Venture Capitalists Affect Innovation and Value Creation
Supradeep Dutta, Strategy Department, State University of New York, Buffalo
Timothy B. Folta, University of Connecticut, School of Business

2014-026 Patents as Collateral and the Market for Venture Lending (abstract)
Yael Hochberg, Rice University, Jones Graduate School of Business
Carlos Serrano, University of Pompeu Fabra
Rosemarie Ziedonis, University of Oregon

2014-025 The Bank Lending Channel and Corporate Innovation
Spyros Lagaras, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign 

2014-024 Competition and Specialization: Evidence from Venture Capital
Christos Cabolis, ALBA Graduate Business School, The American College of Greece, and Yale International Center for Finance
Mian Dai, Department of Economics and International Business, Bennett S. LeBow College of Business, Drexel University
Konstantinos Serfes, Department of Economics and International Business, Bennett S. LeBow College of Business, Drexel University

2014-023 Do Online Social Networks Increase Welfare?
Manuel Mueller-Frank, IESE Business School
Mallesh M. Pai, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

2014-022 Good News or Bad News? Information Acquisition and Applicant Screening in Competitive Labor Markets
Liad Wagman, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2014-021 Life Is But an Online Shopping Journey? Exploring the Dynamic Interactions Between Targeted and Paid Search Advertisement Mix
Dan Breznitz, University of Toronto
Vincenzo Palermo, University of Toronto

2014-020 Social Media and News Consumption
Susan Athey, Stanford University
Markus Mobius, Microsoft Research
Jeno Pal, Central European University

2014-019 Online Music, Sales Displacement, and Internet Search: Evidence from YouTube
Scott Hiller, Department of Economics, Fairfield University
Jin-Hyuk Kim, Department of Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder

2014-018 Video Killed the Radio Star? Online Music Videos and Digital Music Sales
Tobias Kretschmer, LMU Munich
Christian Peukert, LMU Munich

2014-017 Quantifying the Impacts of Digital Rights Management and E-Book Pricing on the E-Book Reader Market
Jin-Hyuk Kim, Department of Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder
Tin Cheuk (Tommy) Leung, Department of Economics, Chinese University of Hong Kong

2014-016 Pricing Online Content: Fee or Free?
Anja Lambrecht, London Business School
Kanishka Misra, Ross School of Business, University of Michigan

2014-015 Homogeneous Platform Competition with Heterogeneous Consumers
Thomas D. Jeitschko, Michigan State University
Mark J. Tremblay, Michigan State University

2014-014 Value of a Platform to a Seller: Case of American Airlines and Online Travel Agencies
Volodymyr Bilotkach, Newcastle University
Nicholas Rupp, East Carolina University
Vivek Pai, University of California, Irvine

2014-013 Platform Choice by Mobile Apps Developers
Tim Bresnahan, Stanford University
Joe Orsini, Stanford University
Pai-Ling Yin, Stanford University

2014-012 The Agency Model and MFN Clauses
Justin P. Johnson, Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University

2014-011 Marketplace or Reseller?
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard Business School
Julian Wright, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore

2014-010 Auction vs. Posted-Price: Market Mechanism, Lender Behaviors, and Transaction Outcomes in Online Crowdfunding
Zaiyan Wei, Department of Economics, University of Arizona
Mingfeng Lin, Department of Management Information Systems, University of Arizona

2014-009 Usage-Based Pricing and Demand for Residential Broadband
Aviv Nevo, Department of Economics, Northwestern University
John L. Turner, Department of Economics, University of Georgia
Jonathan W. Williams, Department of Economics, University of Georgia

2014-008 Search and Categorization
Chaim Fershtman, Department of Economics, Tel Aviv University
Arthur Fishman, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University
Jidong Zhou, Stern School of Business, New York University

2014-007 Entry and Welfare in Search Markets
Yongmin Chen, University of Colorado, Boulder
Tianle Zhang, Lingnan University, Hong Kong

2014-006 Market Transparency, Adverse Selection, and Moral Hazard
Tobias J. Klein, Tilburg University
Christian Lambertz, University of Mannheim
Konrad O. Stahl, University of Mannheim

2014-005 Spillovers in Networks of User Generated Content – Evidence from 23 Natural Experiments on Wikipedia
Michael E. Kummer, University of Mannheim and Centre for European Economic Research

2014-004 Of Smart Phone Wars and Software Patents
Stuart Graham, Georgia Institute of Technology
Saurabh Vishnubhakat, Duke Law School, Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy

2014-003 Do ‘Fuzzy’ Software Patent Boundaries Explain High Claim Construction Reversal Rates?
Shawn P. Miller, Stanford Law School

2014-002 How Patents Provide the Foundation of the Market for Inventions
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2014-001 Training Contracts, Worker Overconfidence, and the Provision of Firm-Sponsored General Training
Mitchell Hoffman, University of Toronto Rotman School of Management
Stephen Burks, University of Minnesota

2013

2013-082 The Research-Practice Gap in I/O Psychology and Related Fields: Challenges and Potential Solutions
Sara L. Rynes-Weller, Tippie College of Business, University of Iowa

2013-081 Workforce Reductions at Women-Owned Businesses in The United States
David A. Matsa, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Amalia R. Miller, University of Virginia

2013-080 Female Style in Corporate Leadership? Evidence from Quotas
David A. Matsa, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Amalia R. Miller, University of Virginia

2013-079 Is There a Female Leadership Style? (overview summary article)
David A. Matsa, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Amalia R. Miller, University of Virginia

2013-078 Do Job Networks Disadvantage Women? Evidence from a Recruitment Experiment in Malawi
Lori Beaman, Department of Economics, Northwestern University
Niall Keleher, Innovations for Poverty Action.
Jeremy Magruder, University of California, Berkeley

2013-077 Pay for Performance: Environmental Risk Taking and Disasters
Dylan Minor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2013-076 Social Preferences and the Response to Relative Incentive Pay
Dylan Minor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Pablo Hernandez, New York University Abu Dhabi
Dana Sisak, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute

2013-075 Misconduct in Credence Good Markets
Dylan Minor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Jennifer Brown, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2013-074 Choosing to be Good: How Managers Determine their Impact on Financial and Social Performance
Dylan Minor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Bryan Hong, Ivey Business School, Western University

2013-073 Optimal Agency Contracts for Delegated R&D (see 2014-047)
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Joaquin Poblete, London School of Economics and PUC

2013-072 The Form of Incentive Contracts: Agency with Moral Hazard, Risk Neutrality, and Limited Liability
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Joaquin Poblete, London School of Economics and PUC

2013-071 Selecting the Best? Spillover and Shadows in Elimination Tournaments
Jennifer Brown, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Dylan Minor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2013-070 The Value of Corporate Culture
Paola Sapienza, Northwestern University, NBER, & CEPR
Luigi Guiso, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance & CEPR
Luigi Zingales, University of Chicago, NBER, & CEPR

2013-069 The Other Pathway to the Boardroom: Interpersonal Influence Behavior as a Substitute for Elite Credentials and Majority Status in Obtaining Board Appointments
Ithai Stern, Northwestern University
James D. Westphal, University of Texas at Austin

2013-068 Stealthy Footsteps to the Boardroom: Executives’ Backgrounds, Sophisticated Interpersonal Influence Behavior, and Board Appointments
Ithai Stern, Northwestern University
James D. Westphal, University of Texas at Austin

2013-067 Set up for a Fall: The Insidious Effects of Flattery and Opinion Conformity toward Corporate Leaders
Ithai Stern, Northwestern University
James D. Westphal, University of Texas at Austin
Sun Hyun Park, University of Michigan

2013-066 Justice or Just Between Us? Empirical Evidence of the Trade-Off between Procedural and Interactional Justice in Workplace Dispute Resolution
Zev Eigen, Northwestern University School of Law
Adam Seth Litwin, Carey Business School, Johns Hopkins University

2013-065 Staggered Contracts, Market Power, and Welfare
Luis Cabral, New York University

2013-064 Mergers When Prices Are Negotiated: Evidence From the Hospital Industry
Gautam Gowrisankaran, University of Arizona
Aviv Nevo, Northwestern University
Robert Town, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

2013-063 Cooperation vs. Collusion: How Essentiality Shapes Co-opetition
Jean Tirole, Toulouse School of Economics
Patrick Rey, Toulouse School of Economics

2013-062 Strategic Patent Acquisitions
Fiona Scott Morton, Yale University School of Management
Carl Shapiro University of California, Berkeley, Department of Economics

2013-061 On the First Order Approximation of Counterfactual Price Effects in Oligopoly Models
Nathan H. Miller, Georgetown University McDonough School of Business
Marc Remer, U.S. Department of Justice
Conor Ryan, U.S. Department of Justice
Gloria Sheu, U.S. Department of Justice

2013-060 All Units Discounts and Double Moral Hazard
Daniel P. O’Brien, Federal Trade Commission

2013-059 Channel 5 or 500: Vertical Integration, Favoritism, and Discrimination in Multichannel Television
Gregory Crawford, University of Zurich
Robin Lee, NYU Stern
Bruno Vieira, Stanford GSB
Michael Whinston, MIT
Ali Yurukoglu, Stanford Graduate School of Business

2013-058 What's a Name Worth?: Experimental Tests of the Value of Attribution in Intellectual Property
Christopher J. Buccafusco, IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law
Zachary Burns, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Christopher Sprigman, University of Virginia School of Law

2013-057 Digital Music Consumption on the Internet: Evidence from Clickstream Data
Luis Aguiar, European Union - Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)
Bertin Martens, European Union - Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

2013-056 The Google Shortcut to Trademark Law
Lisa Larrimore Ouellette, Yale Law School Information Society Project

2013-055 Gone in 60 Seconds: The Impact of the Megaupload Shutdown on Movie Sales
Brett Danaher, Department of Economics, Wellesley College

2013-054 Being in the Right Place: A Natural Field Experiment on List Position and Consumer Choice
Marco Novarese, Center for Cognitive Economics, Universit del Piemonte Orientale
Chris M. Wilson, School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University

2013-053 Consumer Uncertainty and Price Discrimination through Online Coupons: An Empirical Study of Restaurants in Shanghai
Jie Zhang, Fudan University, School of Management
Scott J. Savage, University of Colorado at Boulder, Department of Economics
Yongmin Chen, University of Colorado at Boulder, Department of Economics

2013-052 What’s in a Name? Measuring Prominence, and Its Impact on Organic Traffic from Search Engines
Michael R. Baye, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University
Babur De los Santos, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University
Matthijs R. Wildenbeest, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University

2013-051 Market Structure, Reputation, and the Value of Quality Certification
Daniel W. Elfenbein, Olin Business School, Washington University in St. Louis
Raymond Fisman, Columbia Business School, Columbia University
Brian McManus, University of North Carolina, Department of Economics

2013-050 Selling Cookies
Dirk Bergemann, Department of Economics, Yale University
Alessandro Bonatti, MIT Sloan School of Management, MIT

2013-049 Customer Privacy and Competition
Oz Shy, Federal Reserve Bank Boston
Rune Stenbacka, Hanken School of Economics

2013-048 Trademarks, Triggers and Online Search
Stefan Bechtold, Center for Law & Economics, ETH Zurich
Catherine Tucker, MIT Sloan School of Management, MIT

2013-047 More Trusting, Less Trust? An Investigation of Early E-commerce in China
Hongbin Cai, Guanghua School of Management and IEPR, Peking University
Ginger Z. Jin, University of Maryland, Department of Economics
Chong Liu, Guanghua School of Management and IEPR, Peking University
Li-An Zhou, Guanghua School of Management and IEPR, Peking University

2013-047 The Role for Economic Analysis in the FTC’s Google Investigation
Michael A. Salinger, Boston University School of Management
Robert J. Levinson, Charles River Associates

2013-046 Search, Essential Facilities, and the Antitrust Duty to Deal
Marina Lao, Seton Hall University School of Law

2013-045 Integration and Search Engine Bias
Alexandre de Corniere, Department of Economics and Nuffield College, University of Oxford
Greg Taylor, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford

2013-044 In Google we Trust?
Roberto Burguet, Institut d'Analisi Economica CSIC and Barcelona GSE
Ramon Caminal, Institut d'Analisi Economica CSIC and Barcelona GSE
Matthew Ellman, Institut d'Analisi Economica CSIC and Barcelona GSE

2013-043 Changes in Market Leadership and Dynamic Platform Competition
Hanna Halaburda, Bank of Canada
Bruno Jullien, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse School of Economics
Yaron Yehezkel, Tel Aviv University, Recanati Graduate School of Business Administration

2013-042 Expectations and Two-Sided Platform Profits
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Hanna Halaburda, Bank of Canada

2013-041 Price Competition between Platforms: Equilibrium Coexistence on Competing Online Auction Sites revisited
Stefan Behringer, Universität Heidelberg

2013-040 Dynamic Platform Competition in a Two-Sided Market: Evidence from the Online Daily Deals Promotion Industry
Byung-Cheol Kim, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Economics
Jeongsik Lee, Georgia Institute of Technology, Scheller College of Business
Hyunwoo Park, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Industrial & Systems Engineering

2013-039 When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising
Anja Lambrecht, London Business School
Catherine Tucker, MIT Sloan School of Management, MIT

2013-038 Local News Online: Aggregators, Geo-Targeting and the Market for Local News
Lisa M. George, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY

2013-037 How Relevant are Experts in the Internet Age? Evidence from the Motion Pictures Industry?
Suman Basuroy, Price College of Business, The University of Oklahoma
S. Abraham (Avri) Ravid, Syms School of Business, Yeshiva University

2013-036 Social Advertising: Does Social Influence Work?
Ashish Agarwal, McCombs School of Business, University of Texas, Austin
Kartik Hosanagar, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

2013-035 The Unobserved Returns to Entrepreneurship
Sarada, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University

2013-034 How Do Start-Up Firms Finance Their Assets? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Surveys
Rebel Cole, DePaul University
Tatyana Sokolyk, Brock University

2013-033 Facilitating Academic Entrepreneurship
Richard Jensen, University of Notre Dame
Marie Thursby, Georgia Institute of Technology
Huyen Pham, Analysis Group

2013-032 The Consequences of Entrepreneurial Firm Founding on Innovation
Michael Ewens, Carnegie Mellon University
Christian Fons-Rosen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

2013-031 Do Inventors Value Secrecy in Patenting? Evidence from the American Inventor’s Protection Act of 1999
Stuart Graham, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and Georgia Institute of Technology
Deepak Hegde, New York University Stern School of Business

2013-030 Do Patents Shield Disclosure or Assure Exclusivity when Transacting Technology?
Gaétan de Rassenfosse, University of Melbourne
Alfons Palangkaraya, University of Melbourne
Elizabeth Webster, University of Melbourne

2013-029 Trade Secrets Law and Engineer/Scientist Mobility: Evidence from “Inevitable Disclosure”
Ivan Png, NUS Business School, National University of Singapore
Sampsa Samila, NUS Business School, National University of Singapore

2013-028 The Corporate Preference for Trade Secret
Andrew A. Schwartz, University of Colorado Law School

2013-027 Competition, R&D and Innovation: Testing the Inverted-U in a Simultaneous System
Michael Peneder, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Martin Wörter, ETH Zurich, KOF Swiss Economic Institute

2013-026 The (de)Concentration of Sources of Inventive Ideas: Evidence from ICT Equipment
Yasin Ozcan, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Shane Greenstein, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2013-025 Investment, Duration, and Exit Strategies for Corporate and Independent Venture Capital-Backed Start-Ups
David Pérez-Castrillo, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Bing Guo, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Yun Lou, London Business School

2013-024 Endogeneous Matching in University-Industry Collaboration: Theory and Empirical Evidence from the UK
Albert Banal-Estañol, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Inés Macho-Stadler, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
David Pérez-Castrillo, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

2013-023 Essential Patents and Standard Dynamics
Justus Baron, Department of Economics Sciences-Po Paris and Cerna, MINES ParisTech
Tim Pohlmann, Cerna, MINES ParisTech and Berlin University of Technology
Knut Blind, Berlin University of Technology and Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University

2013-022 The Process and Data Behind Standard Setting in Wireless Communications
Kirti Gupta, Director, Economic Strategy, Qualcomm

2013-021 Can Lessons from the Development of the Derivatives Markets be used to Improve the Efficiency of the Technology Patent Market?
David S. Ruder, RPX Corporation

2013-020 Are Patent Pools a Way to Help Patent Owners Enforce their Rights?
Henry Delcamp, Cerna, MINES ParisTech

2013-019 The Diminishing Signaling Value of Patents between Early Rounds of Venture Capital Financing
Sebastian Hoenen, Management Studies, Wageningen University and Research Center
Christos Kolympiris, Management Studies, Wageningen University and Research Center
Wilfred Schoenmakers, Management Studies, Wageningen University and Research Center
Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Missouri

2013-018 Signaling in Equity Crowdfunding
Gerrit K.C. Ahlers, A.T. Kearney GmbH
Douglas Cumming, York University, Schulich School of Business
Christina Günther, Max Planck Institute of Economics and WHU, Otto Beisheim School of Management
Denis Schweizer, WHU, Otto Beisheim School of Management

2013-017 The Fate of Patents: An Exploratory Analysis of Patents as IPO Signals of Reputational Advantage
Nada Basir, York University, Schulich School of Business
Mehdi Beyhaghi, York University, Schulich School of Business
Ali Mohammadi, Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering

2013-016 Valuing Patents using Renewal Data: An Inquiry into the Feasibility of an Automated Patent Scoring Method
Marc Baudry, University Paris X-Economix-CNRS
Béatrice Dumont, University Paris XIII-CEPN-CNRS & College of Europe

2013-015 The Economic Value of Patent Portfolios
Alfonso Gambardella, Bocconi University
Dietmar Harhoff, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) München
Bart Verspagen, Maastricht University

2013-014 Strategic Acquisitions by Corporate Venture Capital Investors
Lora Dimitrova, London Business School

2013-013 A Dynamic Model of the Impact of Pre-Discovery Licensing on Innovation and Product Market Efficiency: Evidence from the Semiconductor Industry
Ralph Siebert, Krannert School of Management, Purdue University

2013-012 Property as Platform: Coordinating Standards for Technological Innovation
Henry E. Smith, Harvard University

2013-011 Ex-Ante Agreements in Standard Setting and Patent Pool Formation
Joaquin Poblete, London School of Economics and Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Gaston Llanes, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

2013-010 Complementary Patents and Market Structure
Klaus M. Schmidt, University of Munich

2013-009 Standards and the Incentives for Innovation
Troy J. Scott, RTI International
John T. Scott, Dartmouth College

2013-008 Do NPEs Matter?: Non-Practicing Entities and Patent, Litigation Outcomes
Michael J. Mazzeo, Northwestern University
Jonathan Hillel, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
Samantha Zyontz, Harvard University

2013-007 Participation in Standard Setting Organizations
Margaret Kyle, University of Toulouse
David Salant, University of Toulouse

2013-006 Who Cooperates in Standards Consortia-Rivals or Complementors?
Justus A. Baron, Mines ParisTech
Tim Pohlmann, Technische Universitat Berlin

2013-005 SSO Rules, Standardization, and SEP Licensing: Economic Questions from the Trenches
Roger G. Brooks, Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP

2013-004 Ten Years of DG Competition Effort to Provide Guidance on the Application of Competition Rules to the Licensing of Standard-Essential Patents: Where Do We Stand?
Damien Geradin, Covington & Burling, LLP

2013-003 Timing of Discovery and the Division of Profit with Complementary Innovations
Annalisa Biagi, University of Catania
Vincenzo Denicolo, University of Bologna and CEPR

2013-002 Payments and Participation: The Incentives to Join Cooperative Standard Setting Efforts
Anne Layne-Farrar, Charles River Associates
Gerard Llobet, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI)
Jorge Padilla, Compass Lexecon

2013-001 The Patent Policy Debate in the High-Tech World: A Literature Review
Kirti Gupta, Qualcomm Inc.

2012

2012-058 Market Structure and Media Diversity
Scott Savage, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Colorado Boulde

2012-057 Notice Failure and Notification Externalities
Peter Menell, Robert L. Bridges Professor of Law and Faculty Director, Berkeley Center for Law & Technology, University of California, Berkeley, School of Law (Boalt Hall)

2012-056 Do Bad Things Happen When Works Enter the Public Domain?: Empirical Tests of
Copyright Term Extension

Paul J. Heald, Professor of Law, University of Illinois, College of Law

2012-055 The Effects of Rewarding User Engagement-The Case of Facebook Apps
Tobias Kretschmer, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, Munich School
of Management, Institute for Strategy, Technology and Organization

2012-054 What Are We Not Doing When We're Online, And How Much Is That Worth?
Scott J. Wallsten, Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute

2012-053 The Agency and Wholesale Models in Electronic Content Markets
Justin P. Johnson, Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University

2012-052 Tying and Bundling in a Nearly Contestable Market
Michael Salinger, Jacqueline J. and Arthur S. Bahr Professor in Management, Boston University School of Management

2012-051 Vertical Integration With Complementary Inputs
Emanuele Tarantino, University of Bologna, Department of Economics

2012-050 Vertical Integration, Foreclosure and Multilateral Relations
Volker Nocke, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics

2012-049 A More General Theory of Commodity Bundling
Mark Armstrong, Department of Economics, Oxford University

2012-048 Internal versus External Growth in Industries with Scale Economies: A Computational Model of Optimal Merger Policy
Mark Satterthwaite, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Michael Whinston, Department of Economics, Northwestern University

2012-047 The Penalties for Piracy: An Empirical Study of National Prosecution of International Crime
Eugene Kontorovich, Northwestern University School of Law

2012-046 Investment Incentives in Two-Sided Platforms
Ramon Casadesus-Masanell, Harvard University
Gaston Llanes, Catholic University of Chile

2012-045 Platform Competition under Partial Belief Advantage
Hanna Halaburda, Harvard University
Yaron Yehezkel, Tel Aviv University

2012-044 Strategic Search Diversion and Intermediary Competition
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard University
Bruno Jullien, Toulouse School of Economics

2012-043 Platform Competition and Access Regulation on the Internet
Sue Mialon, Emory University
Samiran Banerjee, Emory University

2012-042 To Buy or Not to Buy? A Two Stage Model of within Site Search
Ammara Mahmood, University of Oxford
Catarina Sismeiro, Imperial College

2012-041 Targeted Search and the Long Tail Effect
Huanxing Yang, The Ohio State University

2012-040 "A" Business by Any Other Name: Firm Name Choice as a Signal of Firm Quality
Ryan C. McDevitt, University of Rochester

2012-039 Bricks, Clicks, Blockbusters, and Long Tails: How Video Rental Patterns Change as Consumers Move Online?
Alejandro Zentner, University of Texas at Dallas and Carnegie Mellon University
Michael D. Smith, Carnegie Mellon University
Cuneyd Kaya, University of Texas at Dallas

2012-038 Social Advertising
Catherine Tucker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-037 Online Advertising and Privacy
Alexandre de Corniere, Paris School of Economics
Romain de Nijs, Paris School of Economics

2012-036 To Sponsor or Not to Sponsor: Sponsored Search Auctions with Organic Links
Michael Arnold, University of Delaware
Eric Darmon, University of Rennes 1
Thierry Penard, University of Rennes 1

2012-035 Sponsored Search: Search Characteristics, Advertiser Quality & Click Performance
Ashish Agarwal, University of Texas at Austin
Tridas Mukhopadhyay, Carnegie Mellon University

2012-034 The Quest for Content: How User-Generated Links Can Facilitate Online Exploration
Jacob Goldenberg, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Gal Oestreicher-Singer, Tel Aviv University
Shachar Reichman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-033 Explaining Price Dispersion in Online Auctions with Simple Search Frictions
Joseph Uri Podwol, U.S. Department of Justice
Henry S. Schneider, Cornell University

2012-032 Search with Refinement
Yuxin Chen, Northwestern University
Song Yao, Northwestern University

2012-031 Search, Word of Mouth, and Sales Concentration
Andres Hervas-Drane, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

2012-030 The Impact of News Aggregators on Internet News Consumption: The Case of Localization
Susan Athey, Harvard University
Markus Mobius, Harvard University

2012-029 Media, Aggregators and the Link Economy: Strategic Hyperlink Formation in Content Networks
Zsolt Katona, University of California at Berkeley
Chris Dellarocas, Boston University
William Rand, University of Maryland

2012-028 News Aggregators and Competition Among Newspapers in the Internet
Doh-Shin Jeon, Toulouse School of Economics
Nikrooz Nasr Esfahani, Toulouse School of Economics

2012-027 Technology Shocks in Multi-Sided Markets: The Impact of Craigslist on Local Newspapers
Robert Seamans, New York University
Feng Zhu, University of Southern California

2012-026 Venture Capital and the Diffusion of Knowledge
Juanita Gonzalez-Uribe, Columbia University

2012-025 Does Going Public Affect Innovation?
Shai Bernstein, Stanford Graduate School of Business

2012-024 Credit Supply and Corporate Innovations
Mario Daniele Amore, Copenhagen Business School
Cedric Schneider, Copenhagen Business School
Alminas Zaldokas, INSEAD

2012-023 The Dark Side of Analyst Coverage: The Case of Innovation
Jie (Jack) He, University of Georgia
Xuan Tian, Indiana University

2012-022 Who Are User Entrepreneurs? Findings on Innovation, Founder Characteristics & Firm Characteristics
Sonali K. Shah, University of Washington
Sheryl Winston Smith, Temple University
E. J. Reedy, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

2012-021 The Long-term Impact of Business Cycles on Innovation: Evidence from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Pian Shu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-020 R&D Coopetition: Information Sharing and Competition for Innovation
Ufuk Akcigit, University of Pennsylvania
Qingmin Liu, Columbia University and University of Pennsylvania

2012-019 Why Are Some Regions More Innovative than Others? The Role of Firm Size Diversity
Ajay Agrawal, University of Toronto
Iain Cockburn, Boston University
Alberto Galasso, University of Toronto
Alex Oettl, Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-018 Ownership Structure of Vertical Research Collaboration: Empirical Analysis from an Incomplete Contract Perspective
Sadao Nagaoka, Hitotsubashi University

2012-017 Subsidiary Entities and the Innovator's Dilemma
Kenneth Ayotte, Northwestern University School of Law

2012-016 State Governments as Financiers of Technology Startups: Implications for Firm Performance
Rosemarie Ziedonis, University of Oregon
Bo Zhao, University of Michigan

2012-015 Patent Pools and Dynamic R&D Incentives
Vianney Dequiedt, Universite d'Auvergne
Bruno Versaevel, EMLYON Business School

2012-014 Sequential Innovation and Optimal Patent Design
Christian Riis, Norwegian Business School
Xianwen Shi, University of Toronto

2012-013 Inventing-around Edison's Incandescent Lamp Patent: Evidence of Patents' Role in Stimulating Downstream Development
Ron D. Katznelson, Bi-Level Technologies
John Howells, Aarhus University

2012-012 Are Licensing Agreements Appropriate Instruments to Cut Through the Patent Thicket?
Ralph Siebert, Purdue University
Georg von Graevenitz, University of Munich

2012-011 Adverse Effects of Patent Pooling on Product Development and Commercialization
Thomas D. Jeitschko, U.S. Department of Justice
Nanyun Zhang, Towson University

2012-010 Innovation Beyond Patents: Technological Complexity as a Protection against Imitation
Emeric Henry, Sciences Po Paris
Francisco Ruiz-Aliseda, Ecole Polytechnique

2012-009 Determinants of the Quality and Price of Innovative Industrial Products: Evidence from the Disk Drive Industry
James D. Adams, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

2012-008 Intellectual Property Contracts: Theory and Evidence from Screenplay Sales
Milton Harris, University of Chicago
S. Abraham (Avri) Ravid, Yeshiva University
Suman Basuroy, University of Oklahoma

2012-007 Trading and Enforcing Patent Rights
Alberto Galasso, University of Toronto
Mark Schankerman, London School of Economics
Carlos J. Serrano, University of Toronto

2012-006 Do Patent Pools Encourge Innovation? Evidence from 20 U.S. Industries under the New Deal
Ryan Lampe, DePaul University
Petra Moser, Stanford University

2012-005 The New Patent Intermediaries
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard University
David Yoffie, Harvard University

2012-004 Culture and Diversity in Knowledge Creation
Marcus Berliant, Washington University in St. Louis
Masahisa Fujita, RIETI

2012-003 Interstate Transmission Challenges for Renewable Energy: A Federalism Mismatch
Alexandra B. Klass, Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Solly Robins Distinguished Research Fellow, University of Minnesota Law School

2012-002 Federalism, Regulatory Lags, and Energy Production
David B. Spence, Associate Professor, Law, Politics & Regulation and Co-Director, Energy Management & Innovation Center, McCombs School of Business, University of Texas at Austin

2012-001 Unblocking Cooperative Energy Governance
Garrick B. Pursley, Assistant Professor of Law, Texas Tech University School of Law


2011

2011-062 An Alternative to Wisconsin
Thomas A. Kochan, George Maverick Bunker Professor of Management, Professor of Engineering Systems and Co-director, Institute for Work and Employment Research, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-061 Beaches, Sunshine, and Public-Sector Pay: Theory and Evidence on Amenities and Rent Extraction by Government Workers
David Neumark, Professor of Economics and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine

2011-060 Statutes as Contracts? The California Rule and its Impact on Public Pension Reform
Amy B. Monahan, Associate Professor, University of Minnesota Law School

2011-059 Adverse Selection and Partial Exclusive Dealing
Justin Johnson, Associate Professor of Economics, Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University Cornell

2011-058 Exclusionary Minimum Resale Price Maintenance (with John Asker)
Heski Bar-Isaac, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University

2011-057 League Structure & Stadium Rent Seeking–the Antitrust Role Reconsidered
David Haddock, Professor of Law and Professor of Economics, Northwestern University School of Law and Department of Economics
Tonja Jacobi, Professor of Law, Northwestern University School of Law
Matthew Sag, Associate Professor of Law, Loyola University Chicago School of Law

2011-056 Leveraging Monopoly Power by Degrading Interoperabiltiy: Theory and Evidence from Computer Markets
Christos Genakos, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business

2011-055 Strategic Complementarity, Fragility, and Regulation Competition Policy in Banking
Xavier Vives, Professor of Economics, IESE Business School

2011-054 A Model of Market Power in Customer Markets
Liran Einav, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Stanford University, and NBER
Paulo Somaini, Department of Economics, Stanford University

2011-053 The First Order Approach to Merger Analysis
Sonia Jaffe, Harvard University
E. Glen Weyl, Department of Economics, University of Chicago

2011-052 Bye, Bye, Miss American Pie? The Supply of New Recorded Music Since Napster
Joel Waldfogel, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota

2011-051 News at Work: Imitation in an Age of Information Abundance
Pablo Boczkowski, Northwestern University, Department of Communication

2011-050 The Impact of File Sharing on Movies
Koleman Strumpf, University of Kansas, School of Business
Felix Oberholzer‐Gee, Harvard University

2011-049 Friends, Family, and the Flat World: The Geography of Crowdfunding
Avi Goldfarb, Associate Professor of Marketing, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto

2011-048 How Does the Influence of Founders and Investors Relate to Employee Compensation in Entrepreneurial Firms?
Ola Bengtsson, University of Illinois
John R. M. Hand, University of North Carolina

2011-047 Developing New Ideas: Spin-outs, Spinoffs or Internal Divisions
Radoslawa Nikolowa, Queen Mary University of London

2011-046 Entrepreneurial Spawning and Firm Characteristics
Michel A. Habib, University of Zurich
Ulrich Hege, HEC School of Management Paris
Pierre Mella-Barral, EDHEC Business School

2011-045 Is Success Hereditary? Evidence on the Performance of Spawned Ventures
Johannes M.H. Dick, Maastricht University
Katrin Hussinger, Maastricht University
Boris Blumberg, Maastricht University
John Hagedoorn, Maastricht University

2011-044 Are All Academic Entrepreneurs Created Alike? Evidence from Germany
Rajeev K. Goel, Illinois State University
Christoph Grimpe, Copenhagen Business School and University of Zurich

2011-043 Licensing of University Science: Tacitness and the Impact of Invention and Governance Capability on Contract Type
Reddi Kotha, Singapore Management University
Pascale Crama, Singapore Management University
Tore Opsahl, Imperial College London
Gerard George, Imperial College London

2011-042 University Startups and Entrepreneurship: New Data, New Results
Richard A. Jensen, University of Notre Dame
Michael Jones, University of Notre Dame

2011-041 Research Output from University-Industry Collaborative Projects
Albert Banal-Estañol, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and City University
Inés Macho-Stadler, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
David Pérez-Castrillo, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

2011-040 The Impact of Business Environment Reforms on New Firm Registration
Leora Klapper, The World Bank

2011-039 Innovativeness and Corporate Governance of New Ventures
Dirk Czarnitzki, K.U. Leuven
Johannes M. H. Dick, University of Maastricht
Katrin Hussinger, University of Maastricht and K.U. Leuven

2011-038 The Organization of R&D Within Firms: Measures, Characteristics and Consequences
Ashish Arora, Duke University
Sharon Belenzon, Duke University
Luis A. Rios, Duke University

2011-037 Business Partnerships and the Commercialization of Inventions
Thomas Åstebro, HEC School of Management Paris
Carlos J. Serrano, University of Toronto and NBER

2011-036 All Entrepreneurial Productivity Increases are Not Created Equal
Arup Bose, Indian Statistical Institute
Debashis Pal, University of Cincinnati
David E. M. Sappington, University of Florida

2011-035 Swinging for the Fences: Strategic Risk Taking in Entrepreneurship
James Ostler, University of California, Los Angeles

2011-034 Experimentation and Learning in R&D Competition
Heidrun C. Hoppe-Wewetzer, University of Hannover
Georgios Katsenos, University of Hannover

2011-033 Innovation, Fast Seconds, and Patent Policy
George Norman, Tufts University
Lynne Pepall, Tufts University
Dan Richards, Tufts University

2011-032 Corporate Venture Capital, Value Creation, and Innovation
Thomas J. Chemmanur, Boston College
Elena Loutskina, University of Virginia
Xuan Tian, Indiana University

2011-031 How Do Firms Choose Legal Form of Organization?
Rebel A. Cole, DePaul University

2011-030 Law and Innovation: Evidence from the Uniform Trade Secrets Act
Ivan Png, National University of Singapore

2011-029 Beg, Borrow, and Deal? Entrepreneurship and Financing in New Firm Innovation
Sheryl Winston Smith, Temple University

2011-028 Which Institutions Encourage Entrepreneurs to Create Larger Firms?
Saul Estrin, London School of Economics
Julia Korosteleva, University College London
Tomasz Mickiewicz, University College London

2011-027 Social Networks, Personalized Advertising, and Privacy Controls
Catherine Tucker, MIT

2011-026 How is the Mobile Internet Different? Search Costs and Local Activities
Anindya Ghose, New York University
Avi Goldfarb, University of Toronto
Sang-Pil Han, New York University

2011-025 The Effect of Content on Global Internet Adoption
V. Brian Viard, Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business
Nicholas Economides, New York University

2011-024 User-generated Content in News Media
Esther Gal-Or, University of Pittsburgh
Tansev Geylani, University of Pittsburgh
Tuba Pinar Yildirim, University of Pittsburgh

2011-023 When Does a Platform Create Value by Limiting Choice?
Ramon Casadesus-Masanell, Harvard Business School
Hanna Halaburda, Harvard Business School

2011-022 Landing the First Job: The Value of Intermediaries in Online Hiring
Christopher Stanton, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Catherine Thomas, Columbia Business School

2011-021 An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information
Sara Fisher Ellison, MIT
Christopher M. Snyder, Dartmouth College

2011-020 Search Costs and Risky Investment in Quality
Arthur Fishman, Bar-Ilan University
Nadav Levy, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya

2011-019 Language, Internet and Platform Competition: The Case of Search Engine
Doh-Shin Jeon, Toulouse School of Economics
Bruno Jullien, Toulouse School of Economics
Mikhail Klimenko, Georgia Institute of Technology

2011-018 Platform Competition under Asymmetric Information
Hanna Halaburda, Harvard Business School
Yaron Yehezkel, Tel Aviv University

2011-017 First-Party Content, Commitment and Coordination in Two-Sided Markets
Andrei Hagiu, Harvard Business School
Daniel F. Spulber, Northwestern University

2011-016 Search Engine Competition with Network Externalities
Cédric Argenton, Tilburg University
Jens Prüfer, Tilburg University

2011-015 Sponsored Search: Do Organic Results Help or Hurt the Performance and under What Conditions?
Ashish Agarwal, University of Texas, Austin
Kartik Hosanagar, University of Pennsylvania
Michael D. Smith, Heinz College and Carnegie Mellon University

2011-014 Firm Strategy in Contextual Advertising Auctions
Charlie Gibbons, University of California, Berkeley

2011-013 Search Advertising
Alexandre de Cornière, Paris School of Economics and ENSAE-ParisTech

2011-012 Net Neutrality and Innovation at the Core and at the Edge
Carlo Reggiani, University of Manchester
Tommaso Valletti, Imperial College London, Telecom ParisTech, and CEPR

2011-011 The Problem of Search Engines as Essential Facilities: An Economic & Legal Assessment
Geoffrey A. Manne, International Center for Law & Economics

2011-010 On the Optimality of Clickthrough Fees in Online Markets
Michael Baye, Indiana University

2011-009 Should Business Method Inventions Be Patentable?
Daniel F. Spulber, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

2011-008 Climate Change Adaptation and the Law of the Horse
J.B. Ruhl, Matthews & Hawkins Professor of Property, Florida State University College of Law

2011-007 Making Marine Zoning Climate-Change Adaptable
Robin Kundis Craig, Attorneys' Title Professor and Associate Dean for Environmental Programs, Florida State University College of Law

2011-006 Water Law's Climate Disruption Adaptation Potential
A. Dan Tarlock, Distinguished Professor of Law and Director of the Program in Environmental and Energy Law, Chicago-Kent College of Law

2011-005 Learning about Climate Change Adaptation and Its Effects on Support for Climate Change Mitigation
David A. Dana, Stanford Clinton Sr. and Sylpha Kilbride Clinton Research Professor, Northwestern University School of Law
Michael P. Vandenbergh, Professor of Law, Vanderbilt University School of Law

2011-004 The Challenge of Climate AdaptationLearning from National Planning Efforts in Britain, China, and the United States
Daniel Farber, Sho Sato Professor of Law; Director, Environmental Law Program, UC Berkeley School of Law

2011-003 The Need for (and Obstacles to) Regional Collective Action in Climate Adaptation
Barton H. "Buzz" Thompson, Jr., Robert E. Paradise Professor in Natural Resources Law and
Perry L. McCarty Director, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford Law School

2011-002 Land Use and Climate Adaptation: Reconsidering the Federal Role
Alice Kaswan, Professor of Law, University of San Francisco School of Law

2011-001 Adapting to Pollution
John Copeland Nagle, John N. Matthews Professor of Law, Notre Dame Law School